Types of Essays:

1. Descriptive Essays: Painting a Picture

describes a place or thing using facts.

● begins with an introductory statement

● systematically describes different aspects of the subject

● may end with a concluding statement.

2.Narrative Essays: Telling a Story

tells a story using a series of events.

§ thesceneissetinatimeandplaceand characters are introduced

§ usually has a problem that is addressed

● may contain a message for the reader

3. Expository Essays: Just the Facts

The expository essay is an informative piece of writing that presents a balanced

analysis of a topic. In an expository essay, the writer explains or defines a topic,

using facts, statistics, and examples. Expository writing encompasses a wide range

of essay variations, such as the comparison and contrast essay, the cause and

effect essay, and the “how to” or process essay. Because expository essays are

based on facts and not personal feelings, writers don’t reveal their emotions or write

in the first person.

4. Persuasive Essays: Convince Me

While like an expository essay in its presentation of facts, the goal of the persuasive

essay is to convince the reader to accept the writer’s point of view or

recommendation. The writer must build a case using facts and logic, as well as

examples, expert opinion, and sound reasoning. The writer should present all sides

of the argument, but must be able to communicate clearly and without equivocation

why a certain position is correct.

5.Argumentative Essay

An argumentative essay is meant to present arguments in the favor of something. It

has an additional fourth body paragraph that is meant to present opposite


What is the difference between an essay and a paragraph?

● A paragraph focuses on one topic. This topic is introduced

with the first sentence in the paragraph, and the following

sentences provide supporting details about the topic. ((Do

not forget " indentation" : means you leave a space at the

very first line of the paragraph)).

● An essay is usually composed of multiple paragraphs and

can focus on a much larger topic than an individual

paragraph can. It will typically be structured similarly,

though. For example, in a five-paragraph essay, the first

paragraph introduces the broad topic of the essay. The next

three body paragraphs all focus on individual, smaller topics

within the broad topic. The final paragraph concludes the

essay by summarizing the main arguments. (use