Types of Essays:
1. Descriptive Essays: Painting a Picture
describes a place or thing using facts.
● begins with an introductory statement
● systematically describes different aspects of the subject
● may end with a concluding statement.
2.Narrative Essays: Telling a Story
tells a story using a series of events.
§ thesceneissetinatimeandplaceand characters are introduced
§ usually has a problem that is addressed
● may contain a message for the reader
3. Expository Essays: Just the Facts
The expository essay is an informative piece of writing that presents a balanced
analysis of a topic. In an expository essay, the writer explains or defines a topic,
using facts, statistics, and examples. Expository writing encompasses a wide range
of essay variations, such as the comparison and contrast essay, the cause and
effect essay, and the “how to” or process essay. Because expository essays are
based on facts and not personal feelings, writers don’t reveal their emotions or write
in the first person.
4. Persuasive Essays: Convince Me
While like an expository essay in its presentation of facts, the goal of the persuasive
essay is to convince the reader to accept the writer’s point of view or
recommendation. The writer must build a case using facts and logic, as well as
examples, expert opinion, and sound reasoning. The writer should present all sides
of the argument, but must be able to communicate clearly and without equivocation
why a certain position is correct.
An argumentative essay is meant to present arguments in the favor of something. It
has an additional fourth body paragraph that is meant to present opposite
What is the difference between an essay and a paragraph?
● A paragraph focuses on one topic. This topic is introduced
with the first sentence in the paragraph, and the following
sentences provide supporting details about the topic. ((Do
not forget " indentation" : means you leave a space at the
very first line of the paragraph)).
● An essay is usually composed of multiple paragraphs and
can focus on a much larger topic than an individual
paragraph can. It will typically be structured similarly,
though. For example, in a five-paragraph essay, the first
paragraph introduces the broad topic of the essay. The next
three body paragraphs all focus on individual, smaller topics
within the broad topic. The final paragraph concludes the
essay by summarizing the main arguments. (use
sequencers: FIRST, THEN, NEXT, AFTER THAT, FINALLY....).
- معلم: BENHENNI Rima